Associate Professor

Dr. Chibundu N. Ezekiel holds BSc Microbiology (First Class Honours) from Babcock University (Nigeria), MSc Microbiology and PhD Mycology/Mycotoxicology from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. His research focuses on food safety, fungal diversity and taxonomy, and mycotoxins. He has contributed, through cutting-edge research, to the understanding of the recent prevalence of mycotoxins in food and feed in Africa and the underlying factors that contribute to increased mycotoxin occurrence in staple crops on the continent. As a mycologist, he led the development of technical solutions in the form of validating a low-cost microbiological medium for use in resource-scarce regions (e.g. Africa) - the medium facilitates rapid and easy identification and differentiation of aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus species commonly found in African soils and food crops. He is also studying the diversity and taxonomy of food- and agricultural soil-borne moulds in Nigeria using the polyphasic characterization approach. Consequently, he is author and collector of three novel aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus species (A. aflatoxiformans, A. austwickii and A. cerealis) from Nigeria. In order to understand mycotoxin co-exposure patterns and the impact of interventions to effectively lower potential health risks in the African populace, especially among children, Chibundu conducts mycotoxin bio-monitoring and exposure assessment studies in humans. He was part of a team of researchers that developed novel liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric methods for the simultaneous quantification of multiple mycotoxins in human breast milk and urine. His research also explores the role of traditional food processing methods, especially those employed in African fermented foods, in food quality and mycotoxin mitigation.

Chibundu has several original research articles and chapters, mostly in high impact peer reviewed journals. He has served the African continent in the position of Technical Advisor for the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa program of the African Union Commission (AUC) at her Headquarters in Addis Ababa. As Technical Advisor at the AUC, he provided technical and policy-oriented advice on food safety/mycotoxin issues to several country governments and the continental diplomatic community. Chibundu had been Visiting Scientist on the aflatoxin mitigation project of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - the focal CGIAR center on aflatoxin mitigation in Africa. While on this position, he led and successfully implemented a Euro 60,000 project. He had two short post-doctoral research stays at the Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department of Agrobiotechnology (IFA Tulln) of the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), Austria. At present, he is Associate Professor of Food Microbiology & Mycotoxicology at Babcock University and supervises undergraduate and graduate (MSc, MPhil and PhD) students at Babcock University. Additionally, he co-supervises graduate (MSc and PhD) students at Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta (Nigeria), University of South Africa (South Africa), and University of Vienna (Austria). He is external examiner for graduate (MTech and PhD) candidates at the University of Johannesburg and University of KwaZulu-Natal (both in South Africa).

Chibundu is an active member of several scientific bodies locally and internationally, and a reviewer for several high impact journals including Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Frontiers in Microbiology, Journal of Chromatography B, Mycotoxin Research, Scientific Reports (a Nature publishing group journal), The World Mycotoxin Journal, Toxicon. In addition, he is expert reviewer for two funding organizations: International Foundation of Science (IFS) and the French National Research Agency (ANR). He is widely traveled and has received several awards, research and travel grants; a few to be mentioned: (a) European Union MycoRed WP 8.2.7 Short Term Visiting Research Fellowship for his doctoral studies; (b) United States Department of Agriculture/Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA/FAS) special (Bourlog) travel grant; (c) the Collaborative research grant from Babcock University and the Lower Austrian Government through the University of Natural Resources & Life Sciences (IFA-Tulln) Austria; (d) IFS Individual Researcher grant for research and equipment purchase; (e) Society for Applied Microbiology (SfAM) President's Fund; (f) SfAM Students' into Work grant. He is passionate about capacity building among younger scientists and promotion of science through cutting-edge research.


Taxonomy of Aspergillus section Flavi and their production of aflatoxins, ochratoxins and other mycotoxins
Mycotoxins in poultry feed and feed ingredients in Nigeria
High-Throughput Sequence Analyses of Bacterial Communities and Multi-Mycotoxin Profiling During Processing of Different Formulations of Kunu, a Traditional Fermented Beverage
Preliminary screening of aqueous extract of Piper guineense against aflatoxin biosynthesis in Aspergillus flavus and A. parvisclerotigenus.
Traditional processing impacts mycotoxin levels and nutritional value of ogi – A maize-based complementary food
Advanced LC–MS-based methods to study the co-occurrence and metabolization of multiple mycotoxins in cereals and cereal-based food
Traditionally processed beverages in Africa: A review of the mycotoxin occurrence patterns and exposure assessment
Ultra-sensitive, stable isotope assisted quantification of multiple urinary mycotoxin exposure biomarkers
Urinary aflatoxin exposure monitoring in rural and semi-urban populations in Ogun state, Nigeria
Assessing the mycotoxicological risk from consumption of complementary foods by infants and young children in Nigeria
A pilot biomonitoring study of bladder tumor antigen (BTA) in aflatoxin exposed Nigerian villagers
Mycotoxin patterns in ear rot infected maize: a comprehensive case study in Nigeria
A mini-survey of moulds and mycotoxins in locally produced and imported wheat grains in Nigeria
Mycotoxin risk assessment for consumers of groundnut in domestic markets in Nigeria
Uncommon toxic microbial metabolite patterns in traditionally home-processed maize dish (fufu) consumed in rural Cameroon
Risk assessment of mycotoxins in stored maize grains consumed by infants and children in Nigeria
Bacterial species and mycotoxin contamination associated with locust bean, melon and their fermented products in south-western Nigeria
Mycotoxin contamination of foods in Southern Africa: a 10-year review (2007-2016)
Bio-monitoring of mycotoxins in human breast milk: Current state and future perspectives
Fungal isolates and metabolites in locally processed rice from five agro-ecological zones of Nigeria
Mould and mycotoxin exposure assessment of melon and bush mango seeds, two common soup thickeners consumed in Nigeria
Volatile oils of Piper guineense inhibit growth and aflatoxin production in Aspergillus flavus and A. parvisclerotigenus
Contamination of groundnut in South-Western Nigeria by aflatoxigenic fungi and aflatoxins in relation to processing
Fate of mycotoxins in two popular traditional cereal-based beverages (kuunu-zaki and pito) from rural Nigeria
Fungal and bacterial metabolites associated with natural contamination of locally processed rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Nigeria
Bacterial diversity and mycotoxin reduction during maize fermentation, steeping, for ogi production
Assessment of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus and other fungi in millet and sesame from Plateau State, Nigeria
Fungal and bacterial metabolites of stored maize (Zea mays, L.) from five agro-ecological zones of Nigeria
Mycotoxin exposure in rural residents in northern Nigeria: a pilot study using multi-urinary biomarkers
Distribution of mycotoxins and risk assessment of maize consumers in five agro-ecological zones of Nigeria
Phenotypic differentiation of species from Aspergillus section Flavi on neutral red desiccated coconut agar
Distribution of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus section Flavi in commercial poultry feed in Nigeria
Ashanti pepper (Piper guineense) reduces aflatoxin formation in poorly stored maize grains
Survey of aflatoxins and fungi in some commercial breakfast cereals and pastas retailed in Ogun State, Nigeria
Aflatoxigenic moulds and aflatoxins in street-vended snacks in Lagos, Nigeria
Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 contamination of Piper guineense (Ashanti pepper), P. nigrum L. (black pepper) and Monodora myristica (calabash nutmeg) from Lagos, Nigeria
Fungal and mycotoxin assessment of dried edible mushroom in Nigeria
Incidence and consumer awareness of toxigenic Aspergillus section Flavi and aflatoxin B1 in peanut cake from Nigeria
A survey of mycotoxins in random street-vended snacks from Lagos, Nigeria, using QuEChERS-HPLC-MS/MS
Mycotoxins and fungal metabolites in groundnut- and maize-based snacks from Nigeria
Cytomorphological and antifungal analysis of Acalypha wilkesiana and Moringa oleifera extracts, and sodium hypochlorite on Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench. treated seeds
Cytomorphological and antifungal analysis of Acalypha wilkesiana , Moringa oleifera extracts, and sodium hypochlorite on Abelmoschus esculentus treated seeds
Multi-microbial metabolites in fonio millet (acha) and sesame seeds in Plateau State, Nigeria
Fungal and bacterial metabolites in commercial poultry feed from Nigeria
Natural occurrence of mycotoxins in peanut cake from Nigeria
Effects of Moringa oleifera leaf extract and sodium hypochlorite seed pre-treatment on seed germination, seedling growth rate and fungal abundance in two accessions of Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench
Effects of Moringa oleifera leaf extract and sodium hypochlorite seed pretreatment on seed germination, seedling growth rate and fungal abundance in two accessions of Abelmoschus esculentus
Distribution, antibiogram and multidrug resistance in enterobacteriaceae from commercial poultry feeds in Nigeria
Antibiogram and multidrug resistance in enterobacteriaceae from peanut cake in Nigeria
Microbiological quality and proximate composition of peanut cake (Kulikuli) in Nigerian markets
Shelf-life and pattern of deterioration in firm tofu
Fungal diversity and antagonistic interactions of Stachybotrys chartarum in soils within Babcock University
Aflatoxin-mediated sperm and blood cell abnormalities in mice fed with contaminated corn
Zearalenone production by naturally occurring Fusarium species on maize, wheat and soybeans from Nigeria
Enzyme-related aflatoxin production in vital organs of rats fed with Aspergillus species- inoculated rat chow
Occurrence, mycotoxins and toxicity of Fusarium species from Abelmoschus esculentus and Sesamum indicum seeds